The definition of landscape architecture

I define landscape architecture as the art and science of composing landform, water, vegetation, paving, structures and sky in relation to human needs and aspirations. At different scales the results are:

  •  garden design (typically private outdoor places)
  • landscape design (typically public outdoor places)
  • urban design (public, semi-public, community  and private outdoor spaces)

If the six compositional elements are not designed in relation to each other,  less-good places will result. The objectives of landscape architecture relate to Vitruvius‘s three objectives: Commodity (Utility), Firmness (Technical Quality) and Delight (Aesthetic Quality)


See also:

Definitions of landscape architecture

The importance of landscape architecture

 Ueda Landform – Scottish Gallery of Modern Art  design by Charles Jencks (Image courtesy Matt Riggott).

1 thought on “The definition of landscape architecture

  1. christine

    In this definition a park like New York’s Central Park and London’s Hyde Park would be landscape design.

    Would the work that Martha Schwartz is typically recognised for be urban design?


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