The son of Charles I was exiled in 1644 but returned to be crowned at Scone Palace in 1651. A the age of 21 he led an army into England and, after being defeated at Worcester, hid at Boscobel and escaped to France. In 1660, after Cromwell's death, he was invited back to assume the crown. Having seen and admired the High Baroque style of garden design in France he commissioned the re-design of London's Royal Parks in the French manner. The results of this work can be seen at Greenwich Park, Kensington Gardens and Hampton Court. The design of St James's Park was changed in the nineteenth century, by John Nash.
Gardens designed by Charles II,