The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 5: Gardens in Asia, America, Africa, Australia

Kabul garden Afghanistan

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746. A garden at Cabul, in Afghanistan, between Persia and Hindostan, is thus described by the Emperor Baber:-'Opposite to the fort of Adinahpur, to the south, on a rising ground, I formed a charbagh (or great garden), in the year 914 (1508). It is called Baghe Vafa (the Garden of Fidelity). It overlooks the river which flows between the fort and the palace. In the year in which I defeated Behar Khan, and conquered Lahore and Dibalpur, I brought plantains and planted them here. They grew and thrived. The year before I had also planted the sugar-cane in it, which throve remarkably well. I sent some of them to Budakhshan and Bokhara. It is on an elevated site, enjoys running water, and the climate in the winter spason is temperate. In the garden there is a small hillock, from which a stream of water, sufficient to drive a mill, incessantly flows into the garden below. The four-fold field-plot of this garden is situated on this eminence. On the south-west part of this garden is a reservoir of water of large dimensions which is wholly planted round with orange trees; there are likewise pomegranates. All around the piece of water the ground is quite covered with clover. This spot is the very eye of the beauty of the garden. At the time when the orange becomes yellow, the prospect is delightful. Indeed, the garden is charmingly laid out.'