The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 5: Gardens in Asia, America, Africa, Australia

Babur garden

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747. The garden of Bagh-e-kelam is thus described by the same author:-'On the outside of the garden are large and beautiful spreading plane trees, under the shade of which there are agreeable spots finely sheltered. A perennial stream, large enough to turn a mill, runs through the garden; and on its banks are planted planes and other trees. Formerly this stream flowed in a winding and crooked course; but I ordered its course to be altered according to a regular plan, which added greatly to the beauty of the place. Lower down than these villages, and about a kop or a kop and a half above the level plain, on the lower side of the hills, is a fountain, named Khwajeh-seh-yaran (Kwajeh, three friends), around which there are three species of trees; above the fountain are many beautiful plane trees which yield a pleasant shade. On the two sides of the fountain, on small eminences at the bottom of the hills, there are a number of oak trees; except on those spots where there are groves of oak, there is not an oak to be met with on the hills to the west of Kabul. In front of this fountain, towards the plain, there are many spots covered with the flowery arghwan tree, and, besides these arghwan plots, there are none else in the whole country.' (Memoirs of Baber, Emperor of Hin-dostan, &c.)