The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 5: Gardens in Asia, America, Africa, Australia

Islamic garden design in India

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i. Gardening in Hindostan (Hindustan � India), as an Art of Design and Taste 745. The gardens of the chiefs of India, now or lately existing, are of the same general character as those of Persia. In the gardens belonging to the Mahometan princes, which in some parts of India were made at a very great expense, a separate piece of ground was usually allotted for each kind of plant, the whole being divided into square plots, separated by walks. Thus, one plot was tilled with rose trees, another with pomegranates, &c. The gardens of this sort, most celebrated in India, were those of Bangalore and Delhi. The former, belonging to Tippoo, were made by him and his father, Hyder Ali. As Bangalore is very much elevated above the sea, it enjoys a temperate climate; and in the royal gardens there were seen not only the trees of the country, but also the cypress, vine, apple, pear, and peach: the latter two produced fruit. Strawberries were likewise raised, and oaks and pine trees, brought from the Cape of Good Hope, flourished. These gardens are now in a state of decay. Some magnificent palaces and walled gardens are mentioned by Morier and other Oriental travellers; but all agree in representing their interior in a state of neglect.