1861. The earthenware shade (figs. 477. and 478.) is in the form of a flower-pot, but with a section cut from one side to admit the air and light. This open side, in the case of auriculas and alpine plants, is placed to the north, and in the case of tender plants to the south, or other points. These utensils are exceedingly useful in transplanting tender plants, and in cultivating alpine plants. One species (fig. 478.) is entirely perforated with holes, for shading ferns, mosses, and fungi. Common pots are often used for sheltering and shading newly transplanted articles with the greatest benefit.