The future emperor Augustus of Rome was born with the name Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 B.C. In 44 BC he took the name Caesar Octavianus (Octavian) after the murder of his great uncle, Julius Caesar, who made him his heir. He became emperor and in 27 B.C., the Senate gave him the name Augustus, meaning "the exalted." Augustus restored the peace, after 100 years of civil war and the empire propsered greatly. Literature and the arts flourished. This was the age of Virgil, Horace, Ovid and Livy. To later generations, it was known as The Augustan Age or the Golden Age. He lived in the Emperor's Palace on the Palatine Hill in Rome.
Gardens designed by Augustus, Octavian