The son of Amenhotep III, Akhenaton wished to reform Egyptian society. He planned a new city at Amarna and came close to introducing monotheism with the sun as a symbol of God. Amarna was planned as a ribbon extending along the curved bank of the Nile. The residential area was planned with courtyards and gardens. Akhenaton may have been influenced by his wife, Nefertiti, and wanted to introduce equal rights for women. The city and the ideas it represented were abandonned after Akhenaton's death.
Gardens designed by Akhenaton,