The Garden Guide

Book: London and Its Environs, 1927


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PRACTICAL INFORMATION. I. ON THE WAY TO LONDON. ROUTES BETWEEN ENGLAND AND NORTH AMERICA. Passengers by any of the transatlantic services (5-10 days) mentioned below should apply to the steamship office for the latest information, and they should secure tickets, berths, passports, etc., as early as possible. Fares, which vary according to season and steamer, are given below at the approximate summer rates. The minimum rates for eastbound passages are given in dollars. Children (1-10), half-fares. Canadian Pacific Railway Co. Offices at London (62-65 Charing Cross and 103 Leadenhall St.), Liverpool (Royal Liver Building), Southampton (Canute Road), etc. Services from Montreal and Quebec (in winter from St. John, N.B.) to Liverpool, Southampton, Glasgow, and Belfast. Fares: first class from �44 ($205); cabin from �28 ($130); third class from �18 5/. ($82.50). Cunard Line. Offices at Liverpool (Cunard Building, Pierhead), London (26-27 Cockspur St. and 51 Bishopsgate), Southampton (Maritime Chambers, Canute Road), New York (25 Broadway), etc. Services from New York to Southampton, to Liverpool, or to London; from Boston to Liverpool; and from Canada to Plymouth, London, and Liverpool. Fares: saloon from �42 15/, �40 15/, or �61 10/ ($200-300), according to steamer; cabin from �30; second cabin from �28 10/ or �31 10/ ($130-147); tourist third cabin from �20 15/ or �22; third class from �18 15/ or �20. Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. Offices at Southampton (R.M.S.P. Buildings), London (American House, Cockspur St. and Atlantic House, Moorgate), New York (26 Broadway), etc. Service from New York to Southampton. Fares from �31, �18 15/ ($145, $85). United States Lines. London office, 3 Cockspur St. Service from New York to Southampton, London, and Cherbourg. Fares: first class from �57 or �45 ($265 or $210); cabin from �30 ($140); third cabin from �20 15/; third class from �18 15/. Campagnie Generale Transatlantique or French Line. London office, 22 Pall Mall. Service from New York to Plymouth. Fares from �47, �29 10/, �19 5/ ($220, $137.50). Holland America Line. London office, 18 Pall Mall. Service from New York to Southampton. Fares from �40, �28, �18 5/ ($187.50, $130, $82.50). Hamburg-Amerika Line. London Office, 66 Haymarket. Service from New York to Southampton. Fares from �43, �29, �18 5/ ($220, $135, $85). Norddeutscher Lloyd Line. London Office, 25 Cockspur St. Service from New York to Southampton. Fares from �40, �28, �18 15/. The INTERNATIONAL MERCANTILE MARINE, or 'American Combine,' has joint offices at Liverpool (30 James St.), London (1 Cockspur St. and 38 Leadenhall St.), Southampton (Canute Road), New York (1 Broadway), Boston (84 State St.), etcirca The services are as follows. White Star Line: from New York to Queenstown and Liverpool; from New York to Cherbourg; and Southampton; from Boston to Liverpool, and from Montreal and Quebec (in winter from Halifax and Portland to Liverpool. Fares: first class from �42, �53, �57 ($195, $245, $265); second class from �28 10/, �31 10/ ($135, $147.50); third class from �19 5/, �20 ($87.50, $92.50). Atlantic Transport Line: from New York to London. Tourist third cabin �20 15/ ($100). Red Star Line: from New York to Plymouth, Cherbourg, and Antwerp. Saloon and second-class passengers are allowed 20 cubic feet of luggage free, third-class passengers 15 cubic feet; excess is charged at 2/6 per cubic foot. Luggage may be insured at the rate of 8/ per �100 (minimum 2/). Travellers should pack the clothes they need on the voyage into small flat trunks (not more than 14 inches high, 2 feet wide, and 3 feet long), such as can easily be slipped under the stateroom berth. Bulkier packages are stowed away in the hold. The steamship companies provide labels discriminating the two classes of baggage. On boarding the steamer the passenger should interview the deck steward to secure a deck-chair (6/6 for the voyage), the saloon steward to have his seat at table assigned, and the bath steward to fix the hour of his morning bath. Warm clothes and rugs are seldom superfluous, even in summer. On landing, the passenger's first task is to attend to the custom-house examination of his baggage, which he will find under the initial of his surname on the custom-shed wall. The passengers of the larger steamers are usually conveyed to London by special train, which in some instances starts from the dock. Agents also meet the steamers, offering to express baggage to any address, and baggage may even be expressed from New York to Europe through any of the usual express companies. ROUTES BETWEEN LONDON AND THE CONTINENT. A. By Steamer. The great majority of Continental visitors to England travel by the express services to and from Dover, Folkestone, Newhaven, and Harwich. Notes as to the weather conditions of the Channel passages are published in the chief daily papers and are posted up at the railway termini. Food is provided at a fixed tariff on all the steamers; on the longer voyages the steward expects a small gratuity. The fares quoted below are the approximate through-fares from London, unless otherwise stated. I. To PARIS, FRANCE, SWITZERLAND, ITALY, ETC. Passengers to Paris are allowed 66 lb. free luggage; registration from 1/7. Half-fares for children aged 3-7. (a) Via Dover and Calais. Daylight service twice daily from London (Victoria, South-east Section) to Paris (Nord) in 7+-8 hrs. (sea-passage 1-1+ hr.); fares circa 68/5, 48/, 30/, subject to alteration with the rate of exchange. (b) Via Folkestone and Boulogne. Daylight service twice daily from London (Victoria, South-east Section) to Paris (Nord) in 7+-8+ hours (sea-passage 1+) hours); fares circa 61/, 43/, 28/, subject to alteration with the rate of exchange. (c) Via Newhaven and Dieppe. Day service from London (Victoria, Brighton Section) to Paris (St. Lazare) in 8+ hrs. (sea-passage 3+-4 hrs.); fares circa 55/, 37/6; no 3rd class. Night service in 9+ hours. (circa 55/, 37/6, 26/6). (d) Via Southampton and Havre. Nightly service (not on Sunday) from London (Waterloo) to Paris (St-Lazare) in 14 hrs. (sea-passage circa 6+ hrs.), fares as via Dieppe. (e) Via Southampton and St. Malo. Night service twice weekly (every week day in July & August; 4 times weekly till mid-September). Sea-passage circa 12 hrs. Fares 55/, 40/. (f) Via Southampton to Cherbourg. Weekly by transatlantic steamer of the Cunard, White Star, Canadian Pacific, U.S., and R.M.S.P. lines. Sea-passage 7-8 hrs. (76/, 50/, including food). (g) Via Southampton to Caen. Night service in summer on Monday, Wednesda, & Friday. Sea-passage circa 8 hrs. (51/10, 35/8). The steamer calls at Ouistreham, where passengers with hand luggage may land. (h) From London to Boulogne. Third class 'College Cabin' service of the Atlantic Transport Line from King George V Dock in 7+-8 hrs. every 4 weeks (30/ including meals). (i) From London to Cherbourg. First class service of the Atlantic Transport Line from King George V Dock in 16 hrs. every fortnight (�4 including meals). II. TO BELGIUM, COLOGNE, BASLE, ETC. (a) Via Dover and Ostend. Daylight service (including Sunday) from London (Victoria, South-east Section). Sea-passage (Belgian mail-steamers) 4 hrs. To Ostend in 6+ hrs. (39/3, 27/4, 18/2); to Brussels in 10+ hrs. (45/9, 31/9, 20/10); to Antwerp in 12+ hrs. (46/2, 32/, 21/). Children (4-10) half-fares. Free luggage 66 lb. (registration 1/). (b) Via Harwich and Antwerp. By London & North-Eastern Railway steamer on week-days; sea-passage circa 10+ hrs. To Antwerp 53/, 30/. (c) Via Harwich and Zeebrugge. By London & North-Eastern Railway steamer thrice weekly in summer; sea-passage 8 hrs. To Zeebrugge 45/, 25/. III. To HOLLAND, GERMANY, ETC. (a) Via Folkestone and Flushing. Daily from London (Victoria, South-east Section) to Flushing in 7 hrs. (daylight sea-passage circa 5 hrs.; Zeeland Steamship Co.), 58/11, 39/9; to Rotterdam (10+ hrs.) 59/3, 40/6; to The Hague (11 hrs.) 60/10, 41/7; to Amsterdam (12 hrs.) 67/11, 47/. Children (4-10) half-fares. Free luggage 66 lb. (b) Via Harwich and Hook of Hollandied By London & North-Eastern Railway steamer on week-days; sea-passage 8 hrs. To Hook of Holland 58/6, 40/6. (c) Via Gravesend and Rotterdam. By Batavier Line steamer daily except Wednesday & Sunday; sea-passage 7-8 hrs. From London (Victoria, south-east Section) to Rotterdam, 42/, 32/. IV. To SCANDINAVIA, (a) From London (Tilbury) to Gothenburg, Swedish Lloyd Line on Sat. (sea-passage circa 35 hrs.); �9 2/, �6 8/, �4 13/8 including food. (b) From Harwich to Esbjerg. United Shipping Co.'s steamer on weekdays; from London, 92/, 49/, food extra. B. By Air Service. The air services between London and the Continent start and arrive at Craydon Aerodrome, which is equipped with a customs office, a post office, a wireless station for weather reports, waiting rooms, etcirca, while adjoining is a hotel. Passengers are conveyed by motor cars (free) between London and the aerodrome. Places and full information may be obtained at the aerodromes, at the offices of the flying companies (see below), at the Lepaerial Bureau, 27 Piccadilly, W1, or at the chief tourist agencies. The free luggage allowance by all lines is 30 lb. (15 kg.), excess 4d. per lb. to Paris and Brussels, 5d. per lb. to Holland. The following are summer services (circa May 15th-September 15th); in winter services are fewer and fares generally lower. Comp. the International Aerial Time Table (monthly 6d.). I. To PARIS (Le Bourget Aerodrome, north-east of Paris), (a) Imperial Airways (offices at the aerodromes) thrice daily; motor car from Hotel Victoria at 6.45, 10.45 a.m., and 3.45 p.m. - From Le Bourget; motor car from Hot. Edouard VII at 10.45 a.m., 12.30 and 3.45 p.m. - (b) Air Union (32 Haymarket, London; 9 Rue Auber, Paris) thrice daily; motor car from office (Saturday and Sunday from Piccadilly Hotel) at 9 a.m., 12.30 and 4.15 p.m. - From Le Bourget; motor car from the Grand Hotel at 11.30 a.m. and 3 p.m. - By both lines, flight 2+ hrs.; �6 6/, return, �11 11/, special day return, �10 10/. II. To HOLLAND. Koninklijke Luchtvaart-Maatschappij (K.L.M.; agent, 66 Haymarket, S-W. 1) daily at 8 a.m. except Sunday for Rotterdam (Waalhaven Aerodrome; 3 hrs.; �4 or 48 crowns) and Amsterdam (Schiphol Aerodrome; 3+ hrs.). Motor car leaves the Hotel Victoria, Northumberland Avenue at 7 a.m. K.L.M. office in Rotterdam in the Coolsingel, in Amsterdam in the Leidsche Plein. III. TO BELGIUM, HOLLAND, AND GERMANY. - Imperial Airways, twice daily for Brussels (Haren Aerodrome; 2+-3 hrs.; �4); daily for Ostend (1+ hrs.; �2 15/). Daily extension of these services (except Sunday) from Brussels to Cologne (3+ hrs.; �5 15/), and Ostend to Amsterdam (2+ hrs.; �4 or 48 gulden). Brussels office, 68 Boul. Adolphe-Max. Custom House. Transatlantic luggage is examined at the port of entry, luggage from the Continent usually at the London terminus. Hand luggage is examined on the steamer or on landing. Dutiable articles should be declared, as they entail humiliation and smart penalties if found concealed. The chief dutiable articles likely to be in the possession of ordinary travellers are spirits (including cordials and perfumery), tobacco, and silk or partly silk goods. Half-a pint of spirits and + lb. of tobacco (including cigars or cigarettes) are usually passed free of duty, if declared. On larger amounts the duty is considerable. Dutiable or forbidden are also chocolate, sweetmeats, saccharin, playing-cards, musical instruments, clocks, watches, and drugs such as morphine or cocaine. Foreign reprints of copyright English books are confiscated. Dogs may be brought into England only by permission of the Board of Agriculture and on condition that they are detained and isolated under the care of a veterinary surgeon for six months. Passports. Every passenger landing in the United Kingdom must have a passport issued within the previous five years or some other document establishing his identity. Photographs must be attached, including those of wife or minor children (under 16) if included in the passport. The passports of alien passengers coming from certain foreign countries must have a British visa. Aliens entering the United Kingdom must register with the police within one month, or at once if they propose to become resident. Railways. Since 1921 the railways of Great Britain have been combined into four great groups: the Great Western; the London, Midland, & Scottish; the London & North-Eastern; and the Southern. On the longer routes 'corridor trains' are general, and sleeping and dining cars are attached to the principal long-distance trains. Most trains have now first and third class carriages only, but second class carriages are still found on the Continental boat-trains. Smoking is restricted to the compartments so labelled. Compartments 'for ladies only' are often provided. The carriages in long-distance trains are generally steam-heated in winter. Luncheon baskets (1/6-3/6) and tea-baskets (1/-1/6) are obtainable at the principal stations, or may be ordered by giving notice to the guard at a preceding stopping-place. The Sunday service of trains differs considerably from that in force on week-days and there are special services on bank holidays. The railway officials are usually civil in answering questions, and inquiry offices will be found at most of the larger stations. Americans may be reminded that the ticket-office is called the 'booking-office,' that the conductor is addressed as 'guard,' and that baggage is better known as 'luggage.' TIME TABLES (monthly). Bradshaw's Railway Guide (2/) is the most complete. The A.B.C. Railway Guide (2/) and the Red Rail Guide (1/) are convenient for journeys to and from London and publish the fares. The railway companies publish their own time-tables at irregular intervals (6d.). FARES AND TICKETS. The fare on English railways is at present circa 1+d. per mile for third-class tickets and about double that rate (or a little less) for first-class. Return-tickets are issued at double fares; those for journeys over 20 miles are valid for two months. The former generous provision of 'week-end tickets,' 'tourist tickets,' 'circular tour tickets,' 'weekly' or 'fortnightly season tickets,' and 'excursion tickets' is now once more in force. At most stations persons not travelling by train are not admitted to the platforms without a platform-ticket (obtained from an automatic machine or at the booking-office; 1d.). LUGGAGE. The normal allowance of free luggage on British railways is 150 lb. for first-class passengers, 100 lb. for third-class. On inland routes the traveller should see that his luggage is properly labelled and put into the right van. Travellers to the Continent book (check or register) their luggage to its destination and receive a numbered receipt for it. All old labels should be removed. The railway porter who carries the trunks from cab to train (or vice versa) expects a small gratuity (from 6d. upwards). Special tickets are required for dogs, bicycles, baby carriages, and so on. Luggage may be left in the Cloak Room or Left Luggage Office for a fee of 3d. per article for the first day, 1+d. per day after (bicycle 6d. and 3d.). Luggage in advance, 1/ per package if collected or delivered, 2/ if both collected and delivered. The sender must previously purchase his own railway ticket. London Railway Termini. Below is an alphabetical list of the chief terminal railway stations in London. London possesses also about 160 stations on the underground railways and about 450 other local and suburban stations. The large termini are all provided with restaurants, left luggage rooms, waiting rooms, telegraph offices, etc., and some with hairdressing rooms and baths. A train-indicator shows from which platforms the various trains start. Between some of the termini on the north and south sides of the river railway omnibuses, with accommodation for luggage, are run to connect certain trains. Baker Street Station, junction of the Harrow, Aylesbury, and Watford branch of the Metropolitan Railway, is in direct communication with the Inner Circle and the Bakerloo Tube. Broad Street Station is the terminus of the North London Railway, which joins the main line of the London, Midland, & Scottish Railway at Willesden Junction. Adjacent are the Liverpool Street Stations of the Metropolitan and Central London Railways. Cannon Street Station is a City terminus of the Southern Railway. A subway connects it with the Metropolitan-District Railway. Charing Cross Station, a West End terminus of the Southern Railway, is connected by subway with the Strand Station of the Hampstead Tube. Charing Cross Station on the Metropolitan, District and Bakerloo Railways lies a little to the south, at the end of Villiers St. Euston Station is a terminus of the London, Midland, & Scottish Railway. The boat-trains from Liverpool and Holyhead arrive here. It is connected by subway with the Hampstead and South London Tubes. Fenchurch Street Station is a terminus of the London & North-Eastern and the London, Midland, & Scottish Railways, for trains to Blackwall, Southend, Tilbury, the Docks, etc. It lies about 200 yards to the north of Mark Lane Station on the Metropolitan-District Railway. Holborn Viaduct Station is another City terminus of the Southern Railway. The nearest Underground stations are Farring-don on the Metropolitan, Blackfriars on the Metropolitan-District, and Post Office on the Central London Railway. King's Cross Station is a terminus of the London & North-Eastern Railway. Subways lead to the Metropolitan Railway, the South London Tube, and the Piccadilly Tube. Liverpool Street Station, a terminus of the London, & North-Eastern Railway, is the station for the Continental route via Harwich. Subways to the Metropolitan and Central London Railways. London Bridge Station, on the south side of the river, is a City terminus of the Southern Railway. Subway to the South London Tube. Marylebone Station, a terminus of the London & North-Eastern Railway, is connected by subway with the Bakerloo Tube. Edgware Road Station on the Metropolitan is 4 minutes' walk to the west. Paddington Station is the terminus of the Great Western Railway, where the boat-trains from Plymouth and Fishguard arrive. Passages to the Bakerloo Tube and to Praed Street and Bishop's Road on the Metropolitan. St. Pancras Station, a terminus of the London, Midland, & Scottish Railway, is used by the boat-trains from Tilbury and Heysham. Subways to the King's Cross Stations of the Metropolitan, the South London Tube, and the Piccadilly Tube. Victoria Station is a West End terminus of the Southern Railway. It is the station for the Continental routes via Newhaven, Dover, or Folkestone. Subways to the Metropolitan-District Railway. Waterloo Station is the terminus of the Southern Railway at which the boat-trains from Plymouth and Southampton arrive. Subways to the Bakerloo and the Waterloo & City Tube. Covered passage to Waterloo Junction. Arrival in London, (a) BY TRAIN. Travellers landing at Liverpool or other ports whence there are alternative routes to London should make sure that both they and their luggage enter the train (or carriage) for the proper terminal station at London. The trains are met in London by porters, to one of whom the traveller should hand his small luggage, requesting him to engage a cab. The next step is to claim the trunks as they are unloaded from the luggage van (baggage car): The paying of the cab may be left to the hotel porter. (b) BY STEAMER. Steamers for London usually land their passengers at the dock or by tender via the Thames. If fog or the state of the tide requires passengers to land by small boat, they should select one of the licensed watermen, as they alone are bound by the tariff (6d.-3/ for each person, according to distance; 56 lb. of luggage free, excess 1/-1/6 for each 56 lb. or part thereof). Luggage on steamers ascending above Gravesend is examined by Customs officers coming on board at that port. Cabs will be found in waiting when the landing-wharf does not immediately adjoin a railway station. Steamship Offices in London. The West End offices are more convenient than the City offices for the ordinary passenger. American Line, 1 Cockspur Street, S.W.; 39 Leadenhall Street, E.C. - Atlantic Transport Co., see American Line. - Batavier Line, Lower Thames Street, E.C., and 66 Haymarket, S.W. - Booth S.S. Co., 11 Adelphi Terrace, W.C. - Canadian Pacific, 62 Charing Cross, S.W., and 103 Leadenhall Street, E.C. - Compagnie Generale Transatlantique, 22 Pall Mall, S.W.; 4 Lloyd's Avenue, E.C. - Cunard southS. Co., 26 Cockspur Street, S.W.; 51 Bishopsgate, E.C. - Dominion Line, see American Line. - General Steam Navigation Co., 14 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, S.W.; 15 Trinity Square, E.C. - Holland-America Line, 18 Pall Mall, S.W.; 27 Leadenhall Street, E.C. - Leyland Line, see American Line. - Nippon Yusen Kaisha, 4 Lloyd's Avenue, E.C. - Orient Line, 14 Cockspur Street, S.W.; 1 Australia House, Strand, W.C.; 5 Fenchurch Avenue, E.C. - P. & 0. Steam Navigation Co., 14 Cockspur Street, S.W., and 122 Leadenhall Street, E.C. - Red Star Line, 1 Cockspur Street, S.W.; 38 Leadenhall Street, E.C. - Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., 32 Cockspur Street, S.W.; 18 Moorgate Street, E.C., etc. - Union-Castle Mail S.S. Co., 3 Fenchurch Street, E.C. - United States Lines, 14 Regent Street, S.W. - White Star Line, see American Line.