The first edition of this book contained a chapter on 'The landscape of new towns'. They are an interesting category of design, but why should we make new 'towns'? Most of the world's great cities began as villages. If the village succeeds, one can always enlarge it to make a town, a city, an 'edge city' or a mega-metropolis. In the old days, there were locational reasons for making fishing villages and agricultural villages. Some of them grew into cathedral towns, fortress towns, university towns, industrial towns and capital cities. With improved communications, most urban functions can be performed from existing settlements. But there are still reasons for starting afresh.