The Garden Guide

Book: Landscape Gardening in Japan, 1912
Chapter: Chapter 6. Garden Enclosures

Clipped hedges for tea gardens

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The short, clipped Hedge is a favourite enclosure for portions of Tea-Gardens, some thickly growing bush�such as box�being used, closely planted and cut square to the height of about six feet. The garden of the temple Kaifuku-In, in Kioto, illustrated in Fig. 20, has such a hedged enclosure. Wooden gates and gate-posts are employed in conjunction with this form of boundary; and it is by no means uncommon to see a bamboo or boarded fence on one side of a gateway with a natural hedge as a continuation on the other,�a method exemplified in Fig. 20. Short Hedges often serve as screens in the interior of a garden, or the outer Hedge is continued inwards in two right angles, just within a gateway, so as to screen the view immediately in front, on entering. The use of the Kuromoji (Ilex integra) for such constructions is considered a great luxury; this wood has a sweet cedar-like scent, on which account, as well as owing to the hardness of its slender twigs, it is much used for toothpicks. The skeleton of light Hedges is often formed of open bamboo-work on which is grown the Kikoku (Citrus fusca), a kind of thorny shrub bearing small citrons. Such borderings are rarely more than three or four feet high, and are elevated on grass-covered embankments, called Dote,�an arrangement which may be observed round the grounds of some of the palaces and the residences of the nobles. Different sorts of Hedges are illustrated in Plates XII., and XXXI.