The Garden Guide

Book: Landscape Gardening in Japan, 1912
Chapter: Chapter 12. Garden Composition

Entrances to Tea Gardens Cha Niwa

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The Tea Room is entered from the garden through a low door, about two and a half feet square, placed in the outer wall, and raised about two feet from the ground, the guests being obliged to pass through in a bending posture, indicative of humility and respect. The host uses another doorway which communicates with the Scullery. Before entering, the two-sworded gentry of former times were accustomed to rid themselves of their weapons, which were deposited on a hanging sword-rack fixed to the outer wall at H. The position of the sword-rack and the entrance control to a great extent the arrangement of the stepping stones and other accessories of the Tea Garden. A rustic looking Well I, forms an important feature of this inner garden, and the principal lanterns, water basin, trees, and plants occupy this portion of the grounds. The Water Basin shown in K is of the low or "Crouching Basin" class, peculiar to Tea Gardens; it is situated near the further corner of the garden, adjacent to the larger stone lantern. Stone 1, called the "Front Stone," adjoins the Water Basin, and is stood upon when using the water; it also here takes the place of the "Worshipping Stone" of more elaborate gardens. Stone 2 is the "Water Jug Stone;" Stone 3, the "Candle-stick Stone;" Stone 4 is termed the "Ascending Stone," and forms a step to the outer door of the Tea Room; and Stone 5 is the "Sword-hanging Stone."