The following list of Japanese domesticated trees, shrubs, and plants may be found to some extent wanting in completeness. The numerous fanciful names given by the gardeners of the country to different varieties of certain genera have in many cases not yet received exact botanical classification; and though the vernacular terms alone can convey little or no meaning to the uninitiated, to omit all mention of them would be misleading and fail to give a correct idea of their rich diversity. These unclassified names refer, in some instances, not so much to distinct varieties of species, as to peculiarities due to special methods of nursing; but in other examples they relate to striking differences in colour or form of leaf or flower. In either case they imply an important addition to the landscape artist's stock of material for designing with. Free English translations have therefore been appended to those terms for which no botanical equivalents are yet at hand.