The Garden Guide

Book: Landscape Gardening in Japan, 1912
Chapter: Chapter1. History

Artificial hills and valleys

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Artificial hills were also introduced, the level portions below presenting the appearance of valleys. Stones and winding pathways added to the general effect. Besides the standing-stones, to which a religious import was attached, other large groups of rocks were introduced to suggest features of natural scenery. These were distinguished by such names as,�"Ocean Rock," "Large River Rock," "Offing Rock," "Mountain Torrent Stone," "Hill-side Rock," et cetera. The Nohara, or Wild Moor, formed a favourite design for parts of many gardens, and was used notably in combination with the Kare-sansui.