The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 4: British Gardens (1100-1830)

John Leland on English gardens

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552. Towards the end of the fifteenth century, Leland, in his Itinerary, states, that at 'Wresehill Castelle, in Yorkshire, the gardeins within the mote, and the orchardes without, were exceeding fair. And yn the orchardes were mountes, opere topiarii, writhen about with degrees like cokil shelles, to com to the top without payn.' (Itinerary, &c., p. 60.) Such a mount still exists at the Castle Inn at Marlborough, not ascended by steps or degrees, but by a winding path. It is covered with ancient yew-trees, no longer opere topiarii. Leland also mentions the gardens at Morli, in Derbyshire, and some others of less note in the northern counties.