639. The Liverpool botanic garden owes its origin to the celebrated W. Roscoe, Esq. It was begun in 1803, and a catalogue was published in 1808 by Mr. Shepherd, the curator, containing above six thousand species. In 1831 the garden was removed to a new site, the old one having become so surrounded by houses as to be unfit for growing plants. The botanic gardens of Hull, Colchester, and Bury St. Edmunds were established soon after that at Liverpool. The Manchester Botanic Garden was established about 1830; and that at Birmingham the following year.