The Garden Guide

Book: Gardening Tools, Equipment and Buildings
Chapter: Chapter 6: Structures used in Gardening

Espalier rails

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2036. Espalier rails are substitutes for walls, and which they so far resemble that trees are regularly spread and trained along them, are fully exposed to the light, and, having their branches fixed, are less liable to be injured by high winds. They are formed of wood, cast iron, or wire and wood.