The Garden Guide

Book: Fragments on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, 1816
Chapter: Fragment Xxv. A Plan Explained.

Garden flowers

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Among the infinite variety of flowers which adorn the garden, there are some so minute, that they require being lifted from the ground to meet the eye, and some so formed, that they should be raised even above the eye, to shew their beauties (such as the fuchsia, the American cowslip, and other pendulous plants): to provide for these, we will suppose four beds of fossils, or flints, or rocky fragments, for the reception of that interesting class of plants which requires such a soil and situation; these are described on the plan by purple and yellow. As occasional spray from a fountain might wet the gravel-walk, it should be neatly paved with pebbles round the basin. On that side of the flower-garden which fronts towards the south, is a house for peaches and strawberries. On the side opposite, and in some degree corresponding, is a row of posts with hoops to train creepers, and an architectural gate communicating with the park, betwixt two projecting lines of shrubbery, which are meant to consist of every kind of thorn, towards the park to the south, and American plants towards the garden to the north. This attention to north and south is very essential, since everything in a flower-garden depends upon its exposure, and, therefore, I must refer you to the compass to ascertain the aspects, of which that to the north is cold, sunless, and gloomy; that to the south is hot, genial, and cheerful; that to the east partakes of both, but requires shelter in spring; and that to the west is exposed to more stormy rains and winds than any other; and, therefore, we will suppose the flower-passage, marked No. 3 on the plan, to be defended from the west by a flued wall, and on the side next the flower-garden by glass in spring, but removable in summer; the glass roof may remain constantly. The whole inside of this roof is covered with a wide trellis, to support vines and other climbing plants.