a corruption of padishah, from pad, ï¿½a seat,ï¿½ a throne,ï¿½ and shah, a princeï¿½meaning Emperor.
an enclosed garden, a country-house.
literally ï¿½12 doors,ï¿½ a pavilion, a large summer-house.
the epical name of India.
literally a state or condition of adoration, shown by devotion to altruistic works.
a fruit-tree garden, an orchard.
a fortified tower.
a four-cornered bank, a raised place or plat form for sitting on.
literally a sheet or shawl, here a water-chute or cascade.
literally four gardens, here a large garden divided by four water-ways.
a sparkling [literally eye-bright] spring.
literally an umbrella, here a small open baradari or summer-house; the word also means mausoleum.
the Oriental Plane-tree, Platanus orientalis, the fame of which has filled the whole history of Asia from the Punjab to Asia Minor from the beginning of human history.
literally a rose garden, but meaning also any flower garden.
a large stone-built tank.
HUMMUM or HAMMAM
a bath, bath-house, a public bath-house.
LALA-ZAR or LALZAR
literally a red garden, but meaning specifically a tulip garden.
a palace, mansion, house.
a meeting, a fair, also a fair held at the seat of some shrine for the benefit of the pilgrims.
the central niche in the wall of a mosque marking the direction of Mecca.
a master craftsman.
an act of devotion, of sacrifice.
a deed or written grant, a charter.
a small boat used in Kashmir on the rivers and lakes.
literally a cap, a crown, the word being the second syllable of the name of the favourite wife of Shah Jahan, the immortal Mumtaz-i-Mahal, the Ornament of the Palace; and her name being given to her sepulchral cenotaph at Agra, the word Taj gradually came to denominate any mausoleum.