The Garden Guide

Book: A treatise on the theory and practice of landscape gardening, adapted to North America,1841
Chapter: Section IV. Deciduous Ornamental Trees

The Scotch or Wych elm. Ulmus montana.

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The Scotch or Wych elm. (U. montana.) This is a tree of lower stature than the common European elm, its average height being about 40 feet. The leaves are broad, rough, pointed, and the branches extend more horizontally, drooping at the extremities. The bark on the branches is comparatively smooth. It is a grand tree, "the head is so finely massed and yet so well broken as to render it one of the noblest of park trees; and when it grows wild amid the rocky scenery of its native Scotland, there is no tree which assumes so great or so pleasing a variety of character."* In general appearance, the Scotch elm considerably resembles our White elm, and it is a very rapid grower. Its most ornamental varieties are the Spiry-topped elm (U. m. fastigiata), with singularly twisted leaves, and a very upright growth: the weeping Scotch elm (U. m. pendula), a very remarkable variety, the branches of which droop in a fan-like manner: and the Smooth-leaved Scotch elm (U. m. glabra). (* Sir Thos. Lauder, in Gilpin, 1. 91.)