The Garden Guide

Book: The Principles of Landscape Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 4: Private and Public Landscape Gardens

Designing a complete residence

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1572. To complete a country residence is the end of all landscape-gardening, whether imitative or geometric. In the preceding chapter we have given a general idea of the parts or scenes, and their connection, which enter into a complete residence of the first order. We have now to notice their arrangements in different gradations of residences; and these, we must previously acknowledge, are so intimately blended, that we hardly know how to separate them, and give a distinctive character to each; every country gentleman, from the occupier of the cottage, to that of the palace, adopting such luxuriant scenes as suit his particular taste, without reference to any thing but his own desires; and this happy circumstance contributes, perhaps, as much as the difference of situations, to the variety in the beauty and style of British country residences. Mansions, villas, temporary residences, cottages, and public gardens, may be said to include the leading distinctions. Public gardens are much less various than private ones, because there are fewer publics than individuals.