1456. The principles of landscape-gardening, like those of every other art, are founded on the end in view. 'Gardens and buildings,' Lord Kaimes observes, 'may be destined solely for use, or solely for beauty, or for both. Such variety of destination bestows upon these arts a great command of beauties, complex not less than various. Hence the difficulty of forming an accurate taste in gardening and architecture; and hence the difference or wavering of taste in these arts is greater than in any art that has but a single destination.' (Elements of Criticism, 4th edit. vol. ii. p. 431.) Not to consider landscape-gardening with a view to these different beauties, but to treat it merely as 'the art of creating landscapes,' would embrace only a small part of the art of laying out grounds, and leave incomplete a subject which contributes to the immediate comfort and happiness of a great body of the enlightened and opulent in this and in every country;-an art, as the poet Mason observes,---'which teaches wealth and pride How to obtain their wish - the world's applause.'