The Garden Guide

Book: The Principles of Landscape Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 1: Principles of Landscape Gardening

Disposition of parts, forms, masses colours and light

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1484. The disposition of the parts is the next object of analysis, and the inquiry is how in this respect they concur in forming a whole. 1. As to forms, we find that their disposition is in groups or masses. The largest group, for example, is placed towards one side of the picture in the foreground, another towards the opposite side of the middle distance, including the building and the adjoining lake; and the remote, or third distance, consists of a low line of wood, with projecting groups or masses. 2. As to colours, we find only different shades of yellow and green on the trees and ground. 3. As to the light, we find one large and principal light near the middle of the view, diverging into shade as it approaches the sides; the clearest part is the water, and the next clearest the building; and the third light spreads over a broad space of ground, near the water. The groups in the foreground are all in a deep shadow. One of these, near the water, partakes of the principal light; and those in the third distance are distinguished by a sort of neutralisation of light, colour, and shade. Such is the disposition of the groups or parts, in order, in a complex view of the whole, to fix the eye, and to prevent it from being distracted by scattered lights, confusion of forms, and inharmonious colours.