The Garden Guide

Book: London and Its Environs, 1927
Chapter: 57 From London To Windsor

St George's Chapel Windsor Castle

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The chapel is 232 feet long and 66 feet wide, and the nave and choir are practically equal in size. Besides the larger transeptal chapels there are two apsidal chapels at the west end, on the south side, and another at the south-east angle. The use of flying buttresses has reduced the walls to little more than a frame for the huge windows, and the interior effect is one of great light and space. Such walls as remain are covered with a delicate panelling of Gothic work, and the ribs of the columns spread over the roof in rich tracery adorned with the cognizance of Edward IV. and the coats-of-arms of Knights of the Garter. The great west window contains fragments of old stained glass, with some not very satisfactory modern supplements. The Urswich Chapel (north-west) contains a monument to Princess Charlotte (died 1817) by C. Wyatt. Close to the Beaufort Chapel (south-west) is the tomb of the Duke of Kent (died 1820), father of Queen Victoria, with a marble figure by Boehm. Adjoining the Urswick Chapel is a statue, by Boehm, of Leopold I. (died 1879), King of the Belgians, and in the same (north) aisle are tablets to George V. of Hanover (died 1878) and to a son of King Theodore of Abyssinia, who died in England in 1879. In the Rutland Chapel (north end of transept) is an altar-tomb of the early 16th century; and in the Braye Chapel (south end of transept) is the cenotaph (by Boehm) of the Prince Imperial, killed in South Africa in 1879. The CHOIR (closed for repairs), separated from the nave by a modern altar-screen, contains the stalls, banners, and coats-of-arms of the Knights of the Garter, whose installations have taken place here since 1349. The stalls of the British royal family are nearest the organ, and next come those of foreign sovereigns. A stone in the middle of the choir marks the entrance to the burial vault containing the remains of Henry VIII., Charles I., and Queen Jane Seymour; and from the altar a subterranean passage leads to a second vault (extending under the Albert Chapel), in which lie George III., George IV., William IV., Edward VII. (died 1910), and other royal personages. To the left of the altar is the Royal Closet, or pew, below which is a fine iron grille of English workmanship, once forming part of the tomb of Edward IV. The door at the north-east angle of the choir leads to the Chapter House, in which is the sword of Edward III. In the north aisle are the Hastings Chantry (late 15th century), the tomb of Edward IV., and other monuments. At the south-east angle of the choir is the Lincoln Chapel, with the altar-tomb of the Earl of Lincoln (died 1585), adjoining which is a statue (by Boehm) of Frederick III., the German emperor (died 1888). Farther west are a slab of black marble, covering the grave of Henry VI., the Oxenbridge Chantry (1522), the monument of Dean Urswick (died 1505), and the monument of the Duchess of Gloucester (died 1857), aunt of Queen Victoria. At the west end of this aisle is the small King's Chapel, probably built by Bishop Oliver King of Bath circa 1500 and containing framed portraits of Prince Edward of Wales (son of Henry VI.), Edward IV., Edward V., and Henry VII.