30. THE CITY TO THE EAST OF THE BANK.
STATIONS: Liverpool Street, Aldgate, Aldgate East, St. Mary's, and Monument on the Metropolitan-District Railways; Bank Stations. OMNIBUSES Nos. 6, 8, 15, 22, 23, 25, etc. TRAMWAYS Nos. 47, 65.
A. FROM THE BANK TO LONDON BRIDGE
The direct route from the Bank to London Bridge is via KING WILLIAM STREET, a wide and wellbuilt thoroughfare leading south-east. To the left, at the corner of Lombard St., stands the church of St. Mary Woolnoth (open 10-1, Saturday 10-12), a building of some originality, erected by Nicholas Hawksmoor, the pupil of Wren, in 1716-27. The interior (remodelled in 1876) has twelve Corinthian columns, and contains some good woodwork and the banners of the Goldsmiths' Company. On the north wall is a tablet to the memory of the Reverend John Newton (1725-1807; remains transferred to Olney in 1893), rector of the parish and joint author with Cowper of the Olney Hymns, with an epitaph by himself. There is also a memorial to Sir William Phipps, Governor of Massachusetts and gallant conqueror of Port Royal, who died in London in 1695. Below the church is the Bank Station of the City and South London Railway. Farther on, in Clement's Lane, opening to the left, is St. Clement's Church, rebuilt by Wren in 1686. It contains a handsome carved pulpit and font cover. The west window is a memorial to Thomas Fuller (died 1661), Bishop Pearson (died 1686), author of the 'Exposition of the Creed' (both lecturers at St. Clement's), and Bishop Walton (died 1661), compiler of the 'Polyglot Bible.' In the chancel are some old chained books. Just beyond St. Clement's, where King William St. trends to the right and converges with Gracechurch St., Eastcheap, and Cannon St., rises a statue of William IV. (1830-37), by Nixon. This is believed to occupy the site of the 'Boar's Head Tavern,' where Falstaff and Prince Hal caroused (comp. 'Henry IV.,' Pt. I., ii. I). Opposite is the Monument Station of the District Railway.