The Garden Guide

Book: Landscape Gardening in Japan, 1912
Chapter: Chapter 2. Garden Stones

Horizontal reclining stones

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Of the above five shapes, the "Statue Stone," the "Low Vertical Stone," and the "Arching Stone," are vertical in character, or what henceforth will be termed Standing Stones, and the "Flat Stone" and "Recumbent Ox Stone," are of horizontal character, or what may be called Reclining Stones. They are variously arranged in combinations of two, three, and five, to form groups in the different parts of gardens, assisted by trees, shrubs, grasses, water-basins, and other ornamental objects. It is not to be supposed that such shapes are by any means exact; but natural rocks are chosen which approach as nearly as possible to the character indicated. These radical forms and their various combinations are shown in Plates I., and II. Certain groupings are considered suitable for particular situations. The double arrangement of "Statue Stone" and "Flat Stone" is often used on the edge of a lake or stream; and the "Statue Stone" together with the "Low Vertical Stone" are placed near a clump of trees. Of triple arrangements, the "Statue Stone," with the "Low Vertical Stone," and "Recumbent Ox Stone," are often disposed in juxtaposition at the mouth of a cascade or on the slope of a hill; the "Low Vertical Stone," "Arching Stone," and "Flat Stone," are combined at the base of a water-fall; the "Statue Stone" "Low Vertical Stone," and "Flat Stone," form a suitable group for distant shady spots; the "Statue Stone," "Low Vertical Stone," and "Arching Stone," are employed in combination at the mouth of a cascade, so as partly to screen its outlet from view; the "Statue Stone" and "Arching Stone," united, and grouped with the "Flat Stone," are used at the foot of a hill or on an island; and the "Statue Stone," "Recumbent Ox Stone," and "Flat Stone," are arranged together near a garden entrance, occasionally replacing the "Stones of the Two Deities" (Ni-O-seki), to be mentioned later on.