The Garden Guide

Book: Landscape Gardening in Japan, 1912
Chapter: Chapter 10. Ornamental Water

Types of garden cascade and waterfall

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GARDEN CASCADES. The source of a lake is frequently represented by means of a waterfall, real or expressed. This may be simply a low mountain torrent, or a precipitous cascade. The latter kind are often suggestive of sea scenery, as in Fig. 2. The term Taki-guchi, or "Cascade-mouth," is a common one in gardening, and even in waterless grounds certain cliff-like rocks, backed by hills and overhung with vegetable growth, are arranged in a prominent spot to indicate this feature. Gardeners distinguish Cascades by different names applicable to the character assumed by the falling water, as follows:� "Thread-falling,"�a term used when the water pours over the rough surface of a rock in such a way as to fall in thread-like lines. "Right-and-left-falling,"�applied to a Cascade dividing on two sides. "Side-falling,"�to indicate water falling on one side only. "Folding-falling,"�a Cascade bounding from rocks in several steps or falls. "Front-falling,"�a Cascade pouring evenly over a rock or cliff in full front view of the spectator. "Stepped-falling,"�a Cascade which is broken into steps like a torrent. "Leaping-falling,"�a Cascade shooting out with great force from its source. "Wide-falling'' �descriptive of a Cascade of great width in proportion to its height. "Heaven-falling,"�a Cascade of great elevation in which the water tumbles in layers. "Linen-falling,"�to indicate a weak and wavy fall, suggestive of a sheet of linen in the wind.