865. The middle states of America, says Coxe, 'possess a climate eminently favourable to the production of the finer liquor and table apples; and the limits of that district of country which produces apples of the due degree of richness and flavour for both purposes are the Mohawk River in New York, and the James River in Virginia. Apples grow well in other places; but that exquisite flavour for which the Newton pippin and Esopus Spitzenberg are so much admired, and which has given such high reputation to the cider from the Hewe's crab, the white crab, the grey-house, winesop, and Harrison can only be found within the limits here described. Cold and heat are equally necessary to the production of a fine apple, and neither must predominate in too great a degree. Some European cider fruits have recovered their reputation by being transplanted to the more genial climate of America, where the growth of trees compared with Europe is as five to three.' The same author is of opinion, 'that the numerous varieties of American apples have proceeded from seeds brought there by their European ancestors ; and that none of the Indian orchards which have been discovered in America are more ancient than the first settlement of the Europeans on this continent.'