The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 4: British Gardens (1100-1830)

Oliver Cromwell and English horticulture

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664. Cromwell was a great promoter of agriculture and the useful branches of gardening, and his soldiers introduced improvements whenever they rested any time in a place. The principal writers on rural subjects at this period appear to have been Captain Walter Blith and Samuel Hartlib. Blith's plan of improvement consisted chiefly in irrigation and drainage; but he also recommends ploughing, and compounding various soils with the earth. Hartlib recommends the adoption in England of the two secrets of Flemish husbandry, - that of letting farms on improving leases, and cultivating green crops.