The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 4: British Gardens (1100-1830)

Enclosures with hedges in England

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691. The oldest enclosures in England are in Kent and Essex, and seem to have been formed of hawthorn, sloe, crab, hazel, dogwood, &c. taken from the copses, and planted promiscuously; but now almost all field or fence hedges are formed of single or double rows of hawthorn, with or without trees planted at regular distances to shoot up for timber.