The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 3: European Gardens (500AD-1850)

Van der Groen Dutch garden designer

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158. Some curious designs for laying out and planting country residences are given by Van der Groen, gardener to the Prince of Orange in 1672. The great object at that time, it appears, was to follow the French. Fontainebleau and St. Germain are held out as models; and the garden of Bournonville at Brussels, and of the Duke d'Arschot at Enghien, as among the best in the Netherlands. In Holland, those of the Prince of Orange are said to be equal to any in France. Among the plates given are four bird's-eye views of houses with gardens in front, 24 �models� of parterres, and 200 other �models� for parterres of another kind; �models� for trellis-work, for clipping trees into shapes, and various other garden ornaments. Among the latter are several designs for sun-dials to be planted in box, with a small tree for the gnomon. As a specimen of the parterres we give a copy of p. 98. (figs. 34, 35.); and, as an example of the other ornaments, we insert the view of a fountain, which, it is said, may be erected at very little expense (fig, 36.).