The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 3: European Gardens (500AD-1850)

Munich vegetable gardens

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402. The vegetable market at Munich is well supplied, and at remarkably cheap rates. The principal articles, in November, 1828, were, white and red cabbage, white and red kohl-rabi, white and red borecoles, and a few cauliflowers. No green legumes, but abundance of dry kidneybeans, lentils, and peas; potatoes of three or four different sorts, long carrot-shaped white turnips, rutabaga, and the Teltower ruben, here very black skinned, and known as the Bavarian ruben; carrots, parsneps, salsify, scorzonera, beet, black and red radishes, and horseradish; spinach, common and French sorrel, onions of different sorts, leeks, garlic, shallots, chives, &c.; lettuce and blanched endive in immense quantities; common and Hamburgh parsley, turnip-rooted celery, sage, rue, thyme, marjoram, winter savory, and dried bay leaves. The fruits were chiefly apples and pears, the production of the country; and, next, grapes brought from the Tyrol and the Rhine; an immense quantity of quetsche plums; medlars, quinces, and even some peaches and pomegranates; walnuts, chestnuts, dried pears, plums, and cherries; elderberries, which are dressed along with the quetsche plums; berberries, for colouring vinegar; privet-berries, and sprigs of Enonymus europ�'us with the arillus attached, for decorating tombs; and dog-hips, the flesh used in making sauce for game, and the seeds for roasting and using as coffee, the drink so made being considered an antidote to the gravel. The flowers were, stocks, marigolds, and annual chrysanthemums. There were wreaths of moss and box; leaves of the striped Degraphis arundinacea; bundles of the tops of Equisetum arvense, and plaited stalks of E. hyemale (the Dutch rush of London), both used there for scouring saucepans and pewter beer-pots; brushes and hearth-brooms made of Lycopodium clavatum, stuck in, in the manner of bristles; snails, and thighs of frogs; Agaricus muscarius, a red-coloured poisonous mushroom, which is here bruised in milk, and the mixture set in rooms to destroy flies�(by the Tartars and others this fungus is eaten to procure the pleasures of intoxication); Swedish and other turnips, cut into slices, like sauer kraut, &c. The fruits of the Rhine and the Tyrol are brought in baskets on the backs of the peasants, who walk that immense distance, and yet can afford to sell them at remarkably low prices. A bunch of black and one of white grapes, three peaches, and a pomegranate, cost about sixpence. The apples, pears, and plums, like every other production of Bavaria, were proportionately low; Munich being, it is believed, the cheapest city in Germany for the necessaries of life.