The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 3: European Gardens (500AD-1850)

Gardens in South Poland

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487. In Gallicia, or Austrian Poland, there are some wealthy proprietors, and a Few handsome residences. As one of the most elegant, we present two sketches (figs. 157. and 158.) of the villa of Count Kownatzki, near Brody. It was built from the designs of Hegner, the architect of the church of St. Isaac, at St. Petersburgh. Near the house (on the right in fig. 157.), is the farmyard, which is composed of such handsome buildings that it might pass for a villa of itself. We suggested to the proprietor the idea of uniting it to the house by a conservatory. Attached to this farmyard is a water-mill for grinding corn; for in Poland, as was formerly the case in Scotland, and other places under the feudal system, the corn-mill was generally placed close to the chateau or castle, so that it might be under the immediate protection of the lord of the manor, and defended by his troops; whereas, if the corn-mill were left unprotected in the village, it would probably be destroyed by the first incursion of the enemy, and the people would be liable to suffer severely for want of food.