The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 3: European Gardens (500AD-1850)

Bogenhausen Park and Garden

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332. The garden and grounds of Count Monteglas at Bogen-hausen, near Munich (fig. 83.), arc partly-situated on a piece of alluvial soil, left by the Iser, and partly on a high bank. There is no house; but when Louis Sckell laid out the grounds, he did so with a view to a situation, on which it is supposed the son of the present count will build. In the mean time, the kitchen-garden and forcing ground here are the most celebrated of the private gardens about Munich for showy flowers. Pine-apples are also grown in considerable quantity, and every description of forcing is practised. There is a good collection of orange and lemon trees; two hundred sorts of Pelargonium; five species and twenty varieties of Cineraria; a genus which seems to sport here as much as Brassica or Dahlia. Bulbs are forced very early in this garden; and I'ris chi-nensis is much valued for the same purpose. Knoll, or bulbous-rooted celery, is grown here and in the other kitchen-gardens about Munich, to the utter exclusion of the common celery. Mignonette is grown, throughout the winter, in pits; and also Iberis purpurea, which, when turned out of the pots, in spring, attains a large size in the open border. There are seventeen sorts of Chrysanthemum indicum; eighty sorts of stocks, and a number of varieties of China roses. Among the conspicuous plants of the greenhouse are Lavandula multifida and Phlomis Leonurus. The fruit trees here are all named; and, every autumn, their stems are rubbed over with tallow mixed with bruised gunpowder, which is found to keep away the hares. Count Monteglas, though at present not in favour at court, is considered the regenerator of Bavaria; having, after the breaking out of the French revolution, been the first German minister who induced his government to abolish monastic institutions, and to appropriate their estates to the use of the government, and for the maintenance of a national system of education; and also to establish a representative system of government.