The Garden Guide

Book: Fragments on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, 1816
Chapter: Fragment XvII. Of A Garden Near Oporto.

Retaining plants in Portugal

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First. If there are any good trees or plants on the spot, too large to be removed, let them not be disturbed, unless very much interfering with the levels of the ground, or line of the walks. Secondly. The height of the plants must be guided by the objects they are intended to hide, or the views they may obstruct. In those places where good prospects are seen over the walls, they need only be high enough to hide the walls; in others, where houses or other objects require to be concealed, they must be high in proportion. Thirdly. Let the lowest growing shrubs be nearest to the walks, and some flowers in front; except in those walks which require shade, and there tall plants may be put close to the side of the walks. The water, to irrigate the grass and supply the pool, I understand, is to be furnished from a redundance in the adjoining ground belonging to a convent of Capuchins; and much will depend on the due attention that not a drop shall be lost or wasted. I am happy to add, that this plan was successfully realized, and admired for its effect and novelty in Portugal.