The Garden Guide

Book: A treatise on the theory and practice of landscape gardening, adapted to North America,1841
Chapter: Section VII. Treatment of Ground-Formation of Walks

Smoothing of deformities in natural landform

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In a scene expressive of simple or graceful beauty, where the surface is more or less undulating, the first proceeding of the improver will be to remove any accidental or natural deformity which may interfere with that expression. Such are unsightly ridges of earth, small lumpish hills, the ragged elevations where old fences have been removed, or deep furrows created by the former action of the plough. If there are any uncouth pits or ugly hollows, such must be either filled up, or concealed by plantations, and all excrescences that interfere with the prevailing expression of the whole should be removed.