The Garden Guide

Umayyad Mosque Courtyard Damascus

The Ummayad Mosque, also known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus is one of the  oldest mosques in the world. In earlier times the site had a Temple of Hadad a Roman temple, dedicated to Jupiter and a Byzantine church. The Muslim conquest took place in 636 and the church was purchased and demolished in 715. The courtyard has something of the character of a christian cloister and something of the character of later mosque courts. The style of decoration is also intermediate between Christian and Muslim design. The crucial difference between a cloister court and a mosque court is that cloisters were domestic and mosque courts are for prayer.

Umayyad Mosque Courtyard Damascus (image courtesy James Gordon)

Damascus, Syria

Nearby gardens