Bernard Tschumi was born in Switzerland and studied architecture at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (Eidgenossi Technical University) in Zurich. Between 1970 and 1979 he worked at the Architectural Association in London. In 1975 he organized an exhibition "A Space, a Thousand Words" in New York and not long after moved from London to New York, where he wrote the "Manhattan Transcripts", promultaging the idea 'form follows fiction' (rather than the traditional modernist rubric of 'form follows function'). His work came to the attention of landscape architects, and the world, with his competition-winning design for Parc de la Villette, in Paris, France. The landscape architecture competition attracted 460 teams from 41 countries, and Tschumi won. Many of the other competitors were aghast: they did not see Tschumi's work as a buildable spatial design. They were wrong: it has been built. Some parts are very successful and others look more fatuous and dated with every passing year.