The Garden Landscape Guide

Firouzabad Ardashir Palace Garden

Now with the Arab name, Firouzabad or Firuzabad, it was formerly known as The Glory of Ardasher and built by Ardashir I (AD 224-241), a powerful king who founded the Sassanian dynasty and made Zoroastrianism the official religion of Persia. The Sasanian town was circular and had a fire temple at the centre point. Ardashir's palace, Qalah-e Dokhtar, survives as the oldest example of Sasanian architecture and formerly had a palace garden. The garden, details of which are lost, is thought to have been a significant influence on subsequent Islamic gardens and the Zoroastrian fire temple (30m high and spiral in design) is is thought to have been a predecessor of the Abu Dulaf and the Great Mosque of Samarra.

Firouzabad, Fars Province, Iran

Nearby gardens

Firouzabad Palace

Firouzabad palace and pool (image courtesy  Maryam Zabihi)

Firouzabad circular city plan

Firouzabad had a circular plan with a Zoroastrian Fire Temple at the centre point