1. Italian Gardening, in respect to Design and Taste
89. The earliest notice of Italian gardening is in the work of Pietro Crescenzi, a senator of Bologna: entitled �Opus Ruralium Commodorum, sive de Agricultura,� dedicated to Charles II., king of Naples and Sicily. In the eighth book of this work the author treats of gardens of pleasure. These he divides into three classes: those of persons of small fortune; those of persons in easy circumstances; and those of princes and kings. He teaches the mode of constructing and ornamenting each; and of the royal gardens observes, that they ought to have a menagerie and an aviary; the latter placed among thickets, arbours, and vines. Each of the three classes, he says, ought to be decorated with turf, shrubs, and aromatic flowers.