Landscape PLANNING: Definitions
Books on landscape planning
Planning the landscape and environmental impact of water storage reservoirs
Many people prefer to live, and enjoy their
leisure, beside water. An EID approach to reservoir land could provide
many opportunities. Rivers and sea coasts accommodate visitors during
holiday periods, but reservoirs are likely to be near urban concentrations,
and their potential for uses in addition to water supply should be fully
developed. Since only a few of these uses can be anticipated when the
reservoir is planned, it is necessary to carry out periodic landscape
studies of existing reservoirs. They are a huge man-made resource. The
greatest development opportunity in East London is shut away behind the
3m concrete fences of the Lea Valley Regional Park. Investors might like
to buy the water company's stock with a view to stripping out their underused
- Reservoirs should be planned as part of a landscape-wide
development programmes for the areas in which they are set.
- Since most old reservoirs were planned as exclusion
zones, for now-obsolete health reasons, there is a major opportunity
to develop reservoir-side land for other purposes.
- Reservoir New Towns would yield many benefits
for society and rich rewards for the water companies which own the land.
- Reservoirs in towns could provide a type of
recreation (ie water recreation) which is much closer to the needs of
our own time than traditional urban parks.
- Old reservoirs have new capabilities
- Gathering grounds
are a historic example of single-purposism.
- Water recreation 1948-1981:
Too little and too late.
- Water recreation since 1976:
The new danger is excess recreational development.
- The drawdown problem: It
is not a problem.
- Reservoir planning: Reservoirs could
become urban development zones.
- Planning principles: Reservoirs should
develop in the context of landscape plans.
- Reservoir archetypes: Archetypes
are useful in reservoir planning. (Wild reservoirs, Agricultural
reservoirs, Urban reservoirs, New
- Reservoir parks: Water is inherently
beautiful and desirable.
- Forestry reservoirs: Reservoirs
and forests can be good neighbours.
- Recreation reservoirs: Not all reservoirs
need be peaceful.
- Children's play reservoirs: Like
drinking water, children need to be safe.
- Wild life reservoirs: Reservoirs
can assist in habitat creation.
- Reservoir archaeology: There are
few opportunities to preserve a complete village.
- Conclusion The
huge potential of reservoirs
should be subject to regular review.
Dangerfield, B.J. 1981. Recreation: water and land. London:Institution
of Water Engineers and Scientists.
Turner, T, Landscape planning and environmental impact design.
London:UCL Press 1998 Chapter 5
Dam and drawdown at
Bewl Bridge reservoir in