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Use: The renaissance garden developed by stages from the medieval castle garden. When it became safe to live in fortified villas, instead of hilltop castles, space became available for the design of ornamental gardens. Women could use them to take the air in safety. Men resumed their involvement with gardens and more resources were devoted to their design. The principles of ancient gardens were re-discovered and experiments were made with new ideas. The social use of gardens, for holding discussions and entertaining friends, was also re-born.
Form: Square and rectangular ‘garden carpets’ were laid out so that their unity, order and regularity could to be viewed from the upper windows of a house, as they were in Paradise gardens. In marked contrast with eastern practice, early renaissance gardens had no particular geometrical relationship between the fortified house and its garden. Patterns, inspired by knotted carpets, were used in the design of what became known as ‘knot gardens’.
Anet, Chateau de, Asolo, Bury, Charleval, Chateau Gaillon, Chateau Blois, Chateau de Dampierre, Edzell Castle and Garden, Giardino Buonaccorsi, Jardines de las Reales Alcazares, Jardins de Alfabia, Mallorca, Levens Hall, Palacio de Fronteira, Pitmedden Garden, Poggio a Cajano, Poggio Reale, Quinta da Bacalhoa, San Vigilio, Valleri, Verneuil, Villa Medici di Careggi, Villa Medici, Fiesole,