The Landscape Guide

Design principles: the compositional elements of garden and landscape design

Landscape and Garden Product Directory

Education, Books, Styles, Computer Aided Design, UK Designers, EA

The five grand compositional elements of garden and landscape design are

  1. water
  2. landform
  3. vertical structures (eg buildings)
  4. horizontal structures (eg paving)
  5. vegetation

See also: note on definitions of landscape design and garden design

For most people this requires:

Knowledge of materials is important and an appreciation of Feng Shui is valuable. As with a kitchen receipe, one needs a method to combine materials. There is a discussion of design methods in the Landscape Architecture Guide section of this website.

Once the six elements have been composed, one can think about the extras:

Blog posts


Medium landform original

Medium barca  original

Medium geum chiloense original

Medium sky original

Medium landscape composition original