The Garden Guide

Botanic Gardens

Europe's first Botanic Gardens were made in the sixteenth century. It was a time when the Age of Faith, which we know as the Middle Ages,  was giving way to a new Age of Reason, which we know as the Modern Era. They were linked to the rise of science. Among the early examples were: Pisa (1543), Padua (1545), Florence (1550),  Leiden (1587), Heidelberg (1593) Oxford (1621), Uppsala (1665), Edinburgh (1670), Chelsea (1673). In the eighteenth century Botanic gardens,  like libraries and  astronomical observatories, became educational entertainments for kings and princes. In the nineteenth century public authorities began making public botanical gardens as a means of providing knowledge for the poor. Organised plant collections also became an aspect of garden design. In the twentieth century, botanical gardens have been made for all the above reasons and also as a contribution to the conservation of nature.

Arnold Arboretum
Desert Botanical Garden
Huntington Botanical Gardens
La Mortola - Giardini Botanici Hanbury
Missouri Botanical Garden
Montreal Botanical Garden
Giardino Botanico (Orto Botanico) Padua
San Antonio Botanical Gardens
Birmingham Botanical Gardens
Chelsea Physic Garden
City of Bath Botanical Gardens
Dawyck Botanic Garden
Dyffryn Botanic Garden
Glasgow Botanic Gardens
Harlow Carr Botanical Gardens
Logan Botanic Garden
National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin
Ness Gardens
Oxford Botanic Garden
Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Sheffield Botanical Gardens
University Botanic Garden
University of Birmingham Botanic Garden
University of Bristol, Botanic Garden
University of Durham Botanic Garden
University of Leicester Botanic Garden
Ventnor Botanic Garden
Wakehurst Place Garden
Younger Botanic Garden Benmore