The Garden Guide

Book: History of Garden Design and Gardening
Chapter: Chapter 5: Gardens in Asia, America, Africa, Australia

Indian cemetery gardens

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754. Indian cemeteries. The ancient cemeteries in India appear to have been all accompanied by gardens. Captain Benjamin Blake, who describes the gardens of Shah Leemar, near Lahore, in making excursions in the neighbourhood, 'stumbled, as it were, upon a most magnificent mausoleum, round which was a walled garden of orange and pomegranate trees.' The King of Oude still keeps the tomb and garden of his ancestor, Sufter Jung, in good repair; and Bishop Heber saw a large garden cemetery, containing tombs and mosques, near Delhi. The bishop also mentions Humaioon's tomb, near Delhi, as being a noble building of granite, inlaid with marble, in a very chaste and simple style of architecture. It is surrounded by a large garden, with terraces and fountains, all now gone to decay. The garden itself is surrounded by an embattled wall, with towers, four gateways, and a cloister within, all the way round. (Trav. &c., vol. i. p. 555.) Bishop Heber, who consecrated a burial-ground near Dacca, describes it as a wild and dismal place, surrounded by a high wall with an old Moorish gateway, in the centre of a wilderness and jungle.