The Landscape Guide

*High Baroque Style 1650

See Style Chart

Use: Baroque gardens were for show. High society gathered to admire and participate in the theatricality. Like a play, the garden was incomplete without an audience. It was also a physical expression of the owner’s power and importance: one had to be there. France was the leading country in the development of high baroque gardens and they became associated with autocratic government. Versailles was freely open to gentlemen, providing they carried a sword. The crowds would part admiringly when Louis XIV made a stately progression of his estate, perhaps in the company of his skilled designer, Andre Le Notre. An ancient park-use was re-discovered: forest rides were used for hunting.

Form: Designers drew upon developments in mathematics and science, using a 'Cartesian' geometry with avenues reaching to draw the surrounding landscape into the composition. The characteristic features of baroque gardens were: a centrally positioned building, elaborate parterres, fountains, basins and canals. A unified discipline infused the residential architecture, garden architecture , sculpture, fountains, cascades, planting and other features. Command of the waters was essential and in many gardens there were so many fountains that they could be operated only for a short time each week.

Belvedere Vienna, Bruchsal, Carlsberg, Caserta Palazzo Reale La Reggia, Chantilly, Chateau de, Chateau de Rambouillet, Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte, Drottningholm Palace, Ermitage Garten Bayreuth, Esterhaza (Fetod), Favorite, Fredensborg Slotspark, Frederiksborg Castle, Gaibach, Hampton Court Palace, Herrenhausen, Grosser Garten, Jakobsdal, Jardin del Palacio de Aranjuez, Karlsruhe Schlossgarten, La Granja de San Ildefonso, Marly-le-Roi, Nymphenburg Schlosspark, Palacio de Marques de Pombal, Palacio Nacional de Queluz, Palais Het Loo, Parc de Saint-Cloud, Park Sanssouci and Charlottenhof Park, Petrodvorets (Peterhof), Pommersfelden, Bamberg, Sceaux, Schleissheim, Schloss Augustusburg, Schlossgarten Weikersheim, Schonbrunn Garten, Schwarzenberg, Schwetzinger Schlossgarten, Seehof Schlosspark, Bamberg, Veitshochheim Hofgarten, Versailles, Chateau de, Villa Castellazzo, Villa Gambereraia, Waghausel, Wilanow, Wurtzburg Hofgarten,