*Abstract Style 1920

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Use: The Abstract Style , like the Modern Movement itself, grew out of the Arts and Crafts Movement. Corbusier said the house should be a machine for living. The garden became a place for outdoor life - and an exercise ground for machinery: motor mowers, concrete mixers, electric pumps, cultivators, sprays and other gadgets. This enabled owners to undertake as much of the maintenance work as they pleased, even in large gardens.

Form: The lines of the machine age became apparent. Twentieth century garden designes have been inspired by the shapes and patterns of Abstract Art. The rectilinear geometry of the de Stijl movement, of Mondrian and of Nicholson has influenced the design of paving and walls, while the curvilinear geometry of paving and planting has been influenced by Moore, Miro, Brancusi and Arp. Steel, concrete, glass and white-painted wood.

Amsterdamse Bos, El Novillero, Hyeres Parc St Bernard (Jardin de la villa Noailles), Ira's Fountain, Jac P Thijsse Park, Jardines del Rio Turia, La Defense Paris, Louisiana Art Museum, Mien Ruys Tuinen, Munich Olimpiapark, Oakland Museum of California and Gardens, Parc de Bercy, Parque do Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, Parque Guell Barcelona, Stockholm Park System, Stuttgart's Green U, Sunset Gardens, Thijsse Hof

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