Italian garden architects and designers

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145.The artists or professors are of two classes. First, the architects, who adopt the rural branch of their art (architetti rustici), and who give plans for parks, chiefly or almost entirely in the geometric style, to be executed under their direction, and that of the head gardener. Secondly, the artist-gardeners (artisti giardinieri), who are generally the gardeners, or directors of gardens, of some great establishment, public or private, and who give plans for gardens, chiefly in what is there considered the English manner, also for kitchen-gardens; and, as in England, either direct by occasional visits, or undertake by contract, their execution and future inspection.